NATO-member Turkey does not recognize the Kurds' identity in its constitution and of their language as a native language along with Turkish in the country's Kurdish areas. Kurds are ethnic discriminated in Turkish laws and constitution, ranting them full political freedoms.
Kurdish civilians living near the Iraqi Kurdistan border are bombed by American-Turkish jet fighters.
Turkish F-16 jet fighters strike PKK rebel bases in Iraqi Kurdistan
"On March 8, between 6:00 pm (1500 GMT) and 8:00 pm (1700 GMT), F-16 jet fighters belonging to the occupation army of Turkey launched air raids" against the Jabal Mattine area, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) said in a statement. AFP reported.
The air strikes were the first reported raids in around a month on north Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region, where the PKK maintains rear bases.
In October, Turkey launched a major air and land offensive against the rebels in the southeast of the country and in neighbouring northern Iraq after 24 of its troops were killed in a night-time ambush by rebels.
In December, Turkish air strikes killed 34 Kurdish civilians near the Iraqi Kurdistan border in an attack which the government said had been a military blunder,www.ekurd.net as commanders had mistaken them for PKK fighters.
Since August 2011, Turkish jets repeatedly carried out air strikes against the Kurdish PKK separatist group's bases in Iraqi Kurdish region, under justification of chasing elements of the anti-Ankara PKK, forcing large numbers of Kurdish citizens of those areas to desert their home villages, including an air raid that killed 7 Kurdish civilians in a village north of Kurdistan’s Sulaimaniyah city on August 21, 2011.
The president of Iraq's autonomous region of Kurdistan Massoud Barzani said on November 4, 2011 in Ankara, that he opposes Turkey’s military campaign against Kurdish PKK rebels in northern Iraq as it will fail to permanently end the conflict.
“Honestly, I disapprove of all these operations ... I don’t think that one can achieve the result with the military option”, Barzani told the Hurriyet newspaper.
Since it was established in 1984, the PKK has been fighting the Turkish state, which still denies the constitutional existence of Kurds, to establish a Kurdish state in the south east of the country, sparking a conflict that has claimed some 45,000 lives.
But now its aim is the creation an autonomous Kurdish region and more cultural rights for ethnic Kurds who constitute the greatest minority in Turkey, numbering more than 20 million. A large Turkey's Kurdish community openly sympathise with the Kurdish PKK rebels.
PKK's demands included releasing PKK detainees, lifting the ban on education in Kurdish, paving the way for an autonomous democrat Kurdish system within Turkey, reducing pressure on the detained PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan, stopping military action against the Kurdish party and recomposing the Turkish constitution.
Turkey refuses to recognize its Kurdish population as a distinct minority. It has allowed some cultural rights such as limited broadcasts in the Kurdish language and private Kurdish language courses with the prodding of the European Union, but Kurdish politicians say the measures fall short of their expectations.
The PKK is considered as 'terrorist' organization by Ankara and the U.S.
Photo: Place where a Turkish F-16 jet fighter which flew over Syria, was downed some days ago. Ankara repeated the threat to invoke Nato's so called self-defence article that allows Nato members to take military action against Syria legally without a UN security council resolution. Since November 2011, the NorthAtlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Turkey are preparing the ground for military intervention in Syria especially through providing Syrian gangs with weaponry. Large caches of weapons including anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles, mortar bombs and heavy machine guns are sent via ground to major Syrian cities witnessing unrest.